SLEEP DISORDERS, CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT
A sleep disorders is referred to as health obstacle or fettle that usually restrict ones from his sleeping pattern. There are various kind of sleep disorders that endanger and inflicting suffering on individual from this situation. It can also have effect on your overall health, well being and life quality.
Majority of this sleep disorders are very hazard to the extent that it hold up with with ones mental, physical, emotional and social functioning.
SLEEP DISORDERS CAUSES and SYMPTOMS
The most prevalent sleep disorders causes includes; nervousness, circadian rhythm, depression, neurological circumstances, extreme daytime tiredness, irregular breathing or trouble in falling asleep.
Sleep disorders are often differentiate into different categories which explain why they occur or how it has effect on you. Sleep disorders can also be categorized according to their symptoms, problems with your natural sleep-wake cycles, breathing problems, sleeping difficulty or how sleepy you feel during the day
TYPES OF SLEEP DISORDERS INCLUDE
INSOMNIA: Insomnia is a popular type of sleep disorder that is mainly involved with difficulties in falling asleep or staying asleep for a longer time than normal.
Sleep apnea: in which you experience abnormal patterns in breathing while you are asleep. There are several types of sleep apnea.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS): This a type of sleep movement disorder. Restless legs syndrome, also called Willis-Ekbom disease, causes an uncomfortable sensation and an urge to move the legs while you try to fall asleep.
Narcolepsy: a condition characterized by extreme sleepiness during the day and falling asleep suddenly during the day.
There are many ways to help diagnose sleep disorders. Doctors can usually treat most sleep disorders effectively once they’re correctly diagnosed.
SLEEP DISORDERS TREATMENT
You should request for assistance in circumstances whereby sleep disorders has become a regular occurrence, or if you always feel exhausted or tired during the day and it affects your daily life.
Several people have short sleeping difficulty times (for instance, a few days after commencing a new work), but in a situation whereby your insomnia lasts longer or has become a regular occurrence, you should demand for assistance.
Try by calling the attention of your medical doctor or bringing up the topic of sleep at your next medical checkup visit on your basic timely scheduled. If your medical doctors has an extensive experienced about sleep disorders, he or she will lead you through the next steps, which may require an examination and further testing.
Peradventure, if your medical doctor may also giving you some vital information and resources about healthy sleep habits—these behavioral tips may help certain people with sleep disorders—or discussing potential medical treatment options to consider. Your medical doctor could refer you to a psychotherapist if your sleep issues seem connected to anxiety, depression, or a major life adjustment.
If you do not pleased after your conversation with your medical doctor, ask for your doctor to refer you to a physician who specializes in sleep disorders medicine or consult other available resources. It is very crucial to seek a doctor with appropriate knowledge and training to treat your sleep disorders.
Various cities also have sleep centers and clinics (sometimes connected to a hospital) that provide an examination, testing, and treatment. An Internet search will help you locate the nearest center.
Non-Medical (Cognitive & Behavioral) Treatments for Sleep disorders
There are psychological and behavioral techniques that can be helpful for treating Sleep disorders. Relaxation training, stimulus control, sleep restriction, and cognitive behavioral therapy are perfect examples.
Some of these techniques can be self-taught, while for others it’s better to enlist the help of a therapist or sleep specialist.
Relaxation training, or progressive muscle relaxation, teaches the person to systematically tense and relax muscles in different areas of the body. This helps to calm the body and induce sleep. Other relaxation techniques that help many people sleep involve breathing exercises, mindfulness, meditation techniques, and guided imagery. Many people listen to audio recordings to guide them in learning these techniques. They can work to help you fall asleep and also return to sleep in the middle of the night.
Stimulus control helps to build an association between the bedroom and sleep by limiting the type of activities allowed in the bedroom. An example of stimulus control is going to bed only when you are sleepy, and getting out of bed if you’ve been awake for 20 minutes or more. This helps to break an unhealthy association between the bedroom and wakefulness. Sleep restriction involves a strict schedule of bedtimes and wake times and limits time in bed to only when a person is sleeping.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) includes behavioral changes (such as keeping a regular bedtime and wake up time, getting out of bed after being awake for 20 minutes or so, and eliminating afternoon naps) but it adds a cognitive or “thinking” component. CBT works to challenge unhealthy beliefs and fears around sleep and teach rational, positive thinking. There is a good amount of research supporting the use of CBT for insomnia. For example, in one study, patients with insomnia attended one CBT session via the internet per week for 6 weeks. After the treatment, these people had improved sleep quality.
Medical Treatments for Sleep disorders
There are many different types of sleep aids for insomnia, including over-the-counter (non-prescription) and prescription medications.
Determining which medication may be right for you depends on your insomnia symptoms and many different health factors. This is why it’s important to consult with a doctor before taking a sleep aid.
Major classes of prescription insomnia medications include benzodiazepine hypnotics, non-benzodiazepine hypnotics, and melatonin receptor agonists.